What is owner’s equity? How to calculate owner’s equity

Starting and operating a business requires a certain amount of capital. Corporate capital is divided into two main sources, debt capital and owner’s equity. Owner’s equity is an important source of capital in a business. So what is owner’s equity? Find out right through the following article.

What is owner’s equity ?

Owner’s equity is the capital of the business itself. This capital can be contributed by members of the enterprise or by shareholders. This capital is contributed by the owners to bring the business into operation.

Equity is considered the regular source of capital of the business. If the business is profitable, the profits can be divided or used to grow the business. If the business makes a loss, the equity will be given to the creditors.


How is owner’s equity different from charter capital?

Owner’s equity is the initial amount of capital that the founding members commit to contribute to operate the business. This amount of capital is specified in the charter of the enterprise. The company’s charter capital is the first basic condition for enterprise formation.

Charter capital and owner’s equity have many different characteristics. Charter capital is the source of capital to form a business while equity is the source of capital to operate the business. Charter capital is shown in the company’s charter, while equity is shown in business results.

How is owner’s equity different from market capitalization?

Market capitalization is the total value of shares that a listed company has. Market capitalization has the ability to raise capital of that enterprise. The concept of market capitalization is of interest to many investors when investing in companies.

Owner’s equity and market capitalization are two completely different concepts. Owner’s equity shows the ability of the business to operate. Meanwhile, market capitalization shows the ability to expand capital for business development.

What does owner’s equity include?

Owner’s equity is formed from many different sources. There are 3 main sources of capital in owner’s equity including:

Investment advice (or capital contribution) of the owner

Investment is the investment capital of the founding contributing shareholders. This source is the owner’s product load used to form and operate the business. Investments can be intangible resources or owned assets.

Profits from business activities

After each business period, the business enterprise can bring certain profits. The owner can decide to use this account to get profit into the capital of the business. This source of profits will continue to participate in the business round instead of being distributed to shareholders.

Asset appraisal spread

Asset difference value difference between the value of capital of the enterprise will be contributed to the owner’s equity. This difference in value will be unified and put into the owner’s account instead of being calculated separately for the individual contributing capital.

Other sources

Owners can be configured from a variety of sources. Owners of capital may include: development funds, uncontrolled increase in company interests, currency conversion differences, etc.


Equity formula

Calculating owner’s equity is important information to determine the business situation of a business. The calculation of owner’s equity is generally quite simple. To calculate owner’s equity you just need to apply the following formula:

Equity = Total Assets – Liabilities

Depending on the actual situation, equity can be negative or positive. If the business period’s liabilities are too large, owner’s equity may be negative. For companies that need to be liquidated, owner’s equity is the remaining asset after the payment of liabilities.

What does the increase or decrease in owner’s equity mean?

Equity is an important financial indicator that assesses the business capacity of an enterprise. The increase or decrease in capital will help leaders make the right business direction.

Decrease in owner’s equity

The decrease in equity occurs because liabilities increase faster than total assets of the business. That shows, owner’s equity is reducing the proportion in the capital structure of the enterprise. A decrease in owner’s equity can also occur as a result of compensating for business losses.

owner’s equity increased

An increase in owner’s equity indicates that owners are increasing capital to grow the business. The increase in owner’s equity may be due to the higher par value of the company’s shares when issued. An increase in owner’s equity indicates that the size of the business is expanding.


Owner’s equity is an important component in the capital structure of a business. Knowing how owner’s equity is calculated and meant helps leaders make the right decisions. Hopefully the article has helped you answer the question of what is owner’s equity.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *